in-situ data

An in-situ data is the data collected that is associated with measurement and has the exact measurement of the actual location.

spatio temporal regression kriging

spatio temporal regression kriging (STRK) is a spatial prediction technique that combines a regression of the dependent variable on auxiliary variables with kriging of the regression residuals in spatio-temporal domain.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning refers to the use and development of computer systems that are able to learn and adapt without following explicit instructions, by using algorithms and statistical models to analyse and draw inferences from patterns in data.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence.

Natural Language Processing

Natural Language Processing (NLP) is a branch of artificial intelligence that helps computers understand, interpret and manipulate human language.

Artificial Neural Network

An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is the piece of a computing system designed to simulate the way the human brain analyzes and processes information.

Soil Organic Carbon

Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) is a major source of terrestrial carbon and also a key element for soil quality and fertility representing an important element of terrestrial ecosystems, due to its great potential to affect the climate, food security, and agricultural sustainability.

Earth Observation

Earth Observation is defined as the process of acquiring observations of the Earth’s surface and atmosphere via remote sensing instruments.


Precision farming is an approach to farm management that uses information technology to ensure that crops and soil receive exactly what they need for optimum health and productivity.

regenerative agriculture

regenerative agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that increases biodiversity, enriches soils, improves watersheds, and enhances ecosystem services.